And you understand also, just as clearly, that this is not a nomadic people. The movement has always been the solution to rejection and often, a real escape. Only 5% of them are nomadic tradition as Sinti (circus performer and “giostrai”) and Ursari who trains bears.
In Romania, today, there are about 2 million of Roma, 10% of the population. Even the history of the Roma in Romania has been an endless cycle of violence, from 1300 to 1800 they were reduced to slavery and even after their "emancipation" the situation did not improve. A policy of sedentarization began.
In 1990 the entire Roma population in the region of Harghita was expelled and their houses were burned: the investigation was slow until, in 1995, the perpetrators were acquitted for expiry of the trial time. The impunity afforded to perpetrators of this violence is indeed reflected in the official positions taken by the authorities do not recognize the ethnic character of the episodes of violence. Nel 1993, during the sadly famous riot of Hadareni three Roma were killed, 19 houses burnt and 5 destroyed. In the years following this episode the violence didn't ceased, fueled by right-wing movements and political indifference of the authorities .
This is demonstrated by Baia Mare story, a city in the north of Romania, in which, in 2011, Catalin Chereches, the mayor, has ordered the construction of a concrete wall three meters high to delimit the city area inhabited by Roma. As always happens, the mayor immediately pointed out that: "It isn't racism. I made this decision because of the numerous protests by motorists, who complained of the continuous garbage throwing from the windows".
The legislation in force in Romania doesn't guarantee the right to adequate housing for all theirs citizens and doesn't prohibit forced evictions. The Roma community may be expelled from the places where they lived for a long time and transfered in inadequate houses, out of the rest of the population's sight, under the pretext of '"requalification and development" of the slums. These shifts often result in further marginalization and poverty, and goes against the government's policies to combat social exclusion of the Roma and other vulnerable groups."
| || |
Instead, we 're going to meet Buzescu's Roma , a small town of 4.500 inhabitants in the region of Wallachia , 100 km east of Bucharest. Called Palatul Tiganilor ( gypsy palaces ) .
Here live almost exclusively rich Roma (so actually not many), Buzescu is often described as the kingdom of kitsch, although the houses are actually kitsch, them are funny and very original. Moreover, in many European cities we used to see a lot more ugly and /or kitsch buildings.
But after the description of the country what everyone is asking ( implicitly giving himself the answer ) is why these gypsies are rich , how do they come to have expensive cars or gold teeth.
Kostica Stancu, the spokesperson of the Buzescu's Roma community, tells the story of the village: "Buzescu was founded in 1857. Roma people in this area have historically had a privileged situation. When other Roma were slaves , they, thanks to a understanding boyar, Angel Kapr, could devote himself to traditional crafts and keep the profits for themselves, after having finished the job in the country. When the communism came, they hid the money. gold Coins from Francis Joseph, show up after '89. Ceausescu would have confiscated that gold. Then began the race to built the most luxurious villa . "
The gypsy must match our stereotype. First of all, must be dressed in rags , he must smell , steal, and obviously hide a Ferrari in the garage.